What Parents Need to Be Sure Their Teens Know about Sexually Transmitted Infections.



Sharing information about common STIs with teens can help them stay safe and healthy.

As a parent, guiding your teen through the complex landscape of adolescence is challenging, particularly when it comes to sensitive topics like sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Ensuring your teen is informed and prepared can protect their health and well-being. This blog post will help you understand the critical information your teen needs about STIs and how to communicate it effectively.

Understanding STIs: The Basics

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are primarily spread through sexual contact. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Common STIs include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
  • Syphilis
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Trichomoniasis

Why Teens Need to Know

Adolescents and young adults (ages 15-24) account for half of all new STI cases. Teens need accurate information to make informed decisions about their sexual health. Ignorance or misinformation can lead to risky behaviors and long-term health consequences.

Key Information Teens Should Know About STIs

1. Modes of Transmission

Teens should understand how STIs are transmitted. Besides sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal, and oral), some STIs can also be spread through skin-to-skin contact, blood, and shared needles.

2. Symptoms and Asymptomatic Nature

Many STIs can be asymptomatic, meaning individuals may not exhibit symptoms but can still spread the infection. Teens should know common symptoms such as unusual discharge, sores, burning during urination, and itching.

3. Prevention Methods

Educate your teen about the importance of using condoms, getting vaccinated (e.g., HPV vaccine), and engaging in mutual monogamy with a partner who has been tested. Emphasize that abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent STIs.

4. Regular Testing

Encourage regular STI screenings, even if no symptoms are present. Early detection can prevent complications and the spread of infections.

5. Treatment and Management

Inform your teen that most STIs are treatable and manageable, particularly when diagnosed early. However, untreated STIs can lead to severe health issues such as infertility, chronic pain, and increased risk of acquiring other infections, including HIV.

Communicating with Your Teen

Create an Open Dialogue

Foster a safe and non-judgmental environment where your teen feels comfortable discussing sexual health. Use accurate terminology and provide factual information.

Educate, Don’t Preach

Aim to inform rather than scare. Use resources like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website (www.cdc.gov) to provide credible information.

Utilize Teachable Moments

Use media, school education, and real-life situations as opportunities to discuss STIs and safe practices.

Be a Role Model

Model respectful and healthy relationships. Your behavior and attitudes significantly influence your teen’s views and actions.


Empowering your teen with knowledge about STIs is crucial for their health and well-being. By providing them with accurate information and fostering an open dialogue, you can help them make responsible decisions. Remember, the goal is to equip your teen with the tools they need to navigate their sexual health safely and confidently.

For more comprehensive information on STIs, visit the CDC’s official website.

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